Site Name: Sarnath
Date: 299-200 BCE
Subject: Lion capital. The capital shows four addorsed lions mounted on a round abacus. On the abacus are four animals — a bull, a lion, an elephant, and a galloping horse–separated from one another by a wheel, a reference to the Buddha’s turning of the Wheel of the Law. A large stone wheel’s rim is supported on the backs of the four addorsed lions. The wheels are also a symbol of the ideal universal monarch, the chakravartin used by Ashoka who sought to project himself as a chakravartin.